The author of the FastPoS PoS malware issued an update that profoundly changes its behavior, preferring a quick exfiltration activity even if is noisier.
Christmas is approaching, and the experts are already at work, including the authors of PoS malware that at that time maximize their profits.
The criminal group behind the FastPoS PoS malware have updated its malicious code to improve the efficiency of stealing credit card data from infected systems ahead of the festive season.
FastPoS was first spotted in March last year and its author uses to issue pre-Christmas updates to target also newest PoS systems.
In June security experts at Trend Micro noticed a new variant of the threat in the wild the was able to quickly exfiltrate harvested data.
The malware was used by threat actors to target both enterprises and SMBs in several countries across the world, including the United States, Brazil, France, Japan, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
The FastPOS malware is usually served via compromised websites, via VNC access using stolen credentials or brute-force attacks, or through a file sharing service.
Now the author of the FastPoS issued an update that has profoundly changed its behavior, preferring a quick exfiltration activity even if is noisier. The intent of the author is quick steal payment card data to have more time to use them before banks can suspend it.
“Most point-of-sale (PoS) threats follow a common process: dump, scrape, store, exfiltrate. FastPOS (initially detected by Trend Micro as TSPY_FASTPOS.SMZTDA) was different with the way it removed a middleman and went straight from stealing credit card data to directly exfiltrating them to its command and control (C&C) servers.” reads a blog post from Trend Micro.
FastPOS PoS malware has a modular structure that includes a memory scraper component and a Key Logger.
The components FastPOS’s new version is sporting are:
- Serv32.exe – creates and monitors a mailslot and sends its contents to the C&C server
- Kl32.exe – keylogger component (32-bit)
- Kl64.exe – keylogger component (64-bit)
- Proc32.exe – RAM scraper (32-bit)
- Proc64.exe – RAM scraper (64-bit)
When card data are captured on the infected system they are not locally stored, but they are directly transferred to command and control servers in clear text.
The experts noticed that the author took about a month from registering the C&C domain (mid-August) to the launch of its new campaign.
The new samples of the FastPoS PoS malware analyzed by TrendMicro store data in Windows temporary RAM files called “mailslots,” a mechanism that increases the speed of data exfiltration.
“Stolen information is now stored in mailslots, a mechanism for applications to store and retrieve messages. The use of mailslots to evade AV detection isn’t new. ” continues the analysis published by Trend Micro.